Dense Symmetric Indefinite Factorization on GPU Accelerated Architectures

TitleDense Symmetric Indefinite Factorization on GPU Accelerated Architectures
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBaboulin, M., J. Dongarra, A. Remy, S. Tomov, and I. Yamazaki
EditorWyrzykowski, R., E. Deelman, K. Karczewski, J. Kitowski, and K. Wiatr
Book TitleLecture Notes in Computer Science
Series Title11th International Conference, PPAM 2015, Krakow, Poland, September 6-9, 2015. Revised Selected Papers, Part I
ChapterParallel Processing and Applied Mathematics
Date Published2015-09
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
ISBN Number978-3-319-32149-3
KeywordsCommunication-avoiding, Dense symmetric indefinite factorization, gpu computation, randomization

We study the performance of dense symmetric indefinite factorizations (Bunch-Kaufman and Aasen’s algorithms) on multicore CPUs with a Graphics Processing Unit (GPU). Though such algorithms are needed in many scientific and engineering simulations, obtaining high performance of the factorization on the GPU is difficult because the pivoting that is required to ensure the numerical stability of the factorization leads to frequent synchronizations and irregular data accesses. As a result, until recently, there has not been any implementation of these algorithms on hybrid CPU/GPU architectures. To improve their performance on the hybrid architecture, we explore different techniques to reduce the expensive communication and synchronization between the CPU and GPU, or on the GPU. We also study the performance of an LDL^T factorization with no pivoting combined with the preprocessing technique based on Random Butterfly Transformations. Though such transformations only have probabilistic results on the numerical stability, they avoid the pivoting and obtain a great performance on the GPU.

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